Coronary collateral function during exercise.
A totally occluded coronary vessel subtending a noninfarcted, entirely collateral-dependent myocardial region (NIECDMR) provides an opportunity to assess collateral perfusion during exercise stress. Collateral function was determined by analysis of exercise thallium-201 myocardial perfusion images from 31 patients who had at least one NIECDMR (total 41 NIECDMRs) documented during catheterization. Twenty-two of 41 NIECDMRs manifested exercise-induced perfusion defects and 19 were normally perfused. The exercise-negative NIECDMRs were further categorized: Group 1 NIECDMRs (n = 13) were associated with defects in other myocardial regions supplied by diseased vessels and were considered negative relative to other jeopardized regions; group 2 NIECDMRs (n = 6) were not associated with exercise-induced defects in other myocardial regions, which suggests that collateral perfusion was adequate during maximal exercise. Regions supplied by a diseased left anterior descending coronary artery manifested exercise defects regardless of collaterals, possibly because these regions were larger and required more perfusion. Angiographic indexes of collateral function did not clearly predict exercise results.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association