Pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum: surgical management based on a revised classification.
Sixty patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA:IVS) presenting from 1970 to 1980 are reviewed. Three groups of patient are discussed: those with tripartite right ventricles, those with no trabecular portion to the cavity, and those with neither trabecular nor infundibular portions. The decrease in early mortality for neonates with PA:IVS since 1977 (one death in 15 patients) supports our current management policy of preoperative prostaglandin E1 infusion with transpulmonary valvotomy (for patients with an infundibular cavity) combined with a left modified Blalock-Taussig shunt using a Gore-Tex prosthesis. Tricuspid valve growth, estimated by serial angiograms in 12 patients, was greater if right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery continuity was established. Later definitive repair was attempted in nine patients, with two early deaths; five underwent right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction and four had modified Fontan procedures. Neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis are also discussed. Their neonatal mortality (nine deaths in 20 patients) was similar to that of comparable patients with PA:IVS, but their actuarial survival at 5 years (55%) was superior (36% at 5 years).
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association