Changes in ventriculoatrial intervals with bundle branch block aberration during reciprocating tachycardia in patients with accessory atrioventricular pathways.
During reciprocating tachycardia in patients with accessory atrioventricular pathways, the observation of changes in ventriculoatrial (VA) intervals with bundle branch block (BBB) aberration has been used to localize the site of the pathway and prove the participation of the pathway in the tachycardia. In this report we present the changes observed during BBB in 93 patients with single atrioventricular pathways in whom the site of their pathways was subsequently proved at the time of their surgical interruption. In patients with left or right free wall pathways, the minimum VA interval (VA min) increased by 61 +/- 19 msec with ipsilateral BBB, whereas no change occurred with contralateral BBB. The smallest increase in the VA interval was 35 msec. In 14 patients, shortening of the AH intervals resulted in changes in overall cycle length that were less than 35 msec. Patients with septal pathways all had changes in VA min of 25 msec or less with either right or left bundle branch block (RBBB or LBBB), which suggests that a clear differentiation between septal and free wall pathways can be made on the basis of changes in VA min. In patients with anteroseptal pathways, VA min intervals frequently prolonged with RBBB (16 +/- 9 msec) but not with LBBB. In patients with posteroseptal pathways, VA min frequently prolonged with LBBB (13 +/- 8 msec) but not with RBBB. Therefore, the observed changes in VA min with BBB may serve as an important indicator of the site of an accessory pathway and may provide guidance in the choice of surgical therapy.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association