Diagnostic accuracy of exercise ECG lead systems in clinical subsets of women.
The diagnostic accuracy of 14-lead exercise electrocardiography was evaluated in 112 women who had no history of myocardial infarction and underwent coronary angiography. The sensitivity of ST-segment displacement of 0.1 mV or more in any of 14 ECG leads was 0.79 for coronary artery stenosis of at least 70%; the specificity was 0.66. Results were similar using bipolar ECG leads CC5 and CM5 or 11 standard ECG leads. The ST-segment shifts that occurred only during exercise were associated with a 77% false-positive rate (10 of 13). Downsloping ST-segment depression did not provide more diagnostic information than horizontal ST-segment depression in the three clinical subsets of women. In women with typical angina pectoris, ST-segment depression of at least 0.15 mV for 0.08 second after the J point or a final treadmill time less than 360 seconds was predictive of proximal left or multivessel coronary artery disease. In the women with probable angina or nonspecific chest pain, this finding was not of diagnostic value. ST-segment elevation of 0.1 mV or more in leads V1-2 or a VL predicted proximal stenosis of at lest 80% in the left anterior descending coronary artery in all six women with typical angina pectoris. Maximal exercise testing in women with typical angina provides important diagnostic information when 11 standard ECG leads are recorded. In women with probable angina or nonspecific chest pain, diagnostic exercise testing is less useful and bipolar leads CC5 and CM5 are sufficient for most clinical purposes.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association