Hemodynamics, biochemical and reflexive changes produced by atenolol in hypertension.
Hemodynamic (systemic and regional), metabolic and cardiovascular reflexive variables were measured before and after 4 weeks of beta blockade with atenolol in 10 patients with mild essential hypertension. Atenolol reduced mean arterial pressure, heart rate, cardiac index (all p less than 0.005) and renal vascular resistance (p less than 0.01) and increased total peripheral resistance (p less than 0.005). Glomerular filtration rate and renal blood flow were unchanged; plasma renin activity fell 43%. Reflexive cardioacceleration during the Valsalva maneuver and upright passive tilt was blunted. No changes were observed in circulating fluid volumes. In six patients followed for 1 year, blood pressure and heart rate were maintained at levels similar to those during the first 4 weeks. Atenolol was shown to be an effective oral antihypertensive that has no apparent deleterious hemodynamic effects on the renal and splanchnic circulations.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association