Angiographic findings 1 month after myocardial infarction: a prospective study of 259 survivors.
Coronary anatomy as it relates to left ventricular function was assessed prospectively in patients who survived acute myocardial infarction. The study population included 259 consecutive male patients age 60 years or younger who underwent catheterization 30 days after the acute event. Coronary artery obstructive lesions (greater than 50% reduction in luminal diameter) were found in 241 patients (93%), 118 (45%) of whom had total and 76 (29%) subtotal (greater than 90%) stenosis) occlusion of at least one coronary artery. Normal coronary vessels were seen in eight patients (3%) and nonobstructive lesions in 10 (4%). One-, two- and three-vessel disease were present in 89, 86 and 66 patients, respectively. Patients with normal coronary arteries or nonobstructive lesions had higher ejection fractions than those with obstructive lesions in one, two or three vessels (p less than 0.05). Ejection fraction was lower (p less than .001) and the percentage of akinetic segments higher (p less than 0.001) in patients with total or subtotal lesions and no collaterals. Adequate collaterals, seen in 29 patients (11%), significantly improved regional wall motion (p less than 0.05) and decreased the percentage of akinetic segments (p less than 0.001). Thus, in a substantial number of patients (32% in our series), the infarcted area is spontaneously reperfused by collaterals or through the involved artery. Both mechanisms ameliorate wall motion in corresponding areas.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association