The phase image: its relationship to patterns of contraction and conduction.
To determine the relationship of phase changes and abnormalities of ventricular contraction and conduction, we performed phase image analysis of blood pool scintigrams in 29 patients. Eleven patients had no evidence of blood pool contraction or ECG conduction abnormalities, four had contraction abnormalities, seven had abnormal conduction and seven had abnormalities of both variables. The phase delay generally related to the degree of contraction abnormality. The mean phase delay in hypokinetic segments differed from that in normokinetic segments in the same patient (p less than 0.025), the phase delay of akinetic and dyskinetic segments differed from that in normokinetic segments (p less than 0.001) and the phase delay in dyskinetic segments differed from that in akinetic segments (p less than 0.005), but there was a significant overlap in the phase delay in normal and hypokinetic segments. Also, in patients with conduction abnormalities, the minimal associated regional phase delay presented a phase dispersion and a pattern of contraction consistent with the pattern of conduction and different from normal. A single study performed both at rest and with stress demonstrated the effect of heart rate on phase assessment and confirmed the independent effects of contraction and conduction on phase delay. Acquisition and analytic methods should add significantly to the resolution of the phase method.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association