The effect of high lung conductivity on electrocardiographic potentials. Results from human subjects undergoing bronchopulmonary lavage.
The effect of increased lung conductivity on ECG potentials was studied in human subjects undergoing pulmonary lavage of a whole lung. In this procedure, the air in the lung is replaced by physiologic saline solution, which is a highly conductive fluid. The same situation was simulated theoretically with an eccentric spherical model of the heart and torso. Both the experimental results and theoretical simulations show a decrease in body-surface potentials as the lung conductivity increases. In particular, a large decrease was observed in the posterior vector and the scalar Z lead both experimentally and theoretically. The model simulation shows that the scalar Z lead is maximal at a conductivity value that is very close to the typical normal lung conductivity, so that low voltages are predicted for low lung conductivities as well.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association