Pirmenol, a new antiarrhythmic agent: initial study of efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics.
Pirmenol (CI-845), a new antiarrhythmic drug, was studied for the first time in humans to establish a minimum effective i.v. dose in 10 patients with chronic, stable premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and to evaluate toxicity and pharmacokinetics. Infusions of 70-150 mg were associated with a 90% or greater reduction in PVCs nine of the 12 times they were administered to six patients. Peak plasma concentrations were 1.0-3.8 micrograms/ml at the end of these infusions. At the same time, small but significant increases in diastolic blood pressure (4 mm Hg) and QTc interval (0.01 second) were seen, but both values were within the normal range. Pirmenol was associated with no change in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, PR interval or QRS duration, renal, hepatic or hematologic function, or symptoms. Blood, plasma and free drug concentrations declined biexponentially after cessation of a 150-mg infusion (n = 4), with a terminal half-life of 7-9.4 hours. The therapeutic response, lack of toxicity, and relatively long half-life indicate that pirmenol is a promising antiarrhythmic agent.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association