Immediate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction by two-dimensional echocardiography.
To define the role of portable two-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo) in the immediate diagnosis of acute chest pain syndrome, 80 consecutive patients were studied. Adequate 2-D echo studies were obtained in 65 (81%). Thirty-three patients had clinical evidence of transmural or nontransmural acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 18 of whom had nondiagnostic initial ECGs. Thirty-two did not have a clinical AMI. Thirty-one of the 33 (94%) patients with clinical AMI had regional wall motion abnormalities on the initial 2-D echo; the other two had uncomplicated nontransmural AMIs, diagnosed only by ECG in one and by ECG and moderate elevation of CK-MB isoenzyme in the other. Twenty-seven of the 32 patients without clinical AMI had normal regional wall motion on the initial 2-D echo and none had a complication (severe arrhythmia, recurrent pain, heart failure or death) during the hospital course. Conversely, 10 of the 36 patients with initial 2-D echo regional wall motion abnormalities had a complication (p less than 0.05). Thus, in patients with acute chest pain syndrome, an initial 2-D echo that shows no regional wall motion abnormality suggests that such patients will not develop an AMI or clinical complication during the hospital course. An initial 2-D echo with regional wall motion abnormality identifies a high-risk group of patients who are likely to have AMI and important cardiac complications and may, therefore, benefit from admission to an intensive care unit.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association