Intermediate-density lipoprotein and cholesterol-rich very low density lipoprotein in angiographically determined coronary artery disease.
The relationship between the concentrations of intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) and other lipoproteins and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) was studied in 182 consecutive patients evaluated by selective coronary cineangiography. On univariate analysis, the extent of CAD correlated significantly and positively with very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol, IDL cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and negatively with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Analysis of four subgroups divided by IDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels indicated that moderately increased levels of IDL cholesterol were closely associated with a high frequency of CAD. Moreover, multi-variate regression analysis demonstrated that IDL cholesterol for men, LDL cholesterol for men and women and HDL cholesterol for men were significant variables of use in the final weighting procedure. IDL cholesterol was closely associated with cholesterol-rich VLDL. This study shows that IDL and cholesterol-rich VLDL combine to contribute to the development of CAD.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association