Characteristics of the resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victim with coronary heart disease.
The clinical entry characteristics and medical history of 142 resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims with coronary heart disease were studied in order to identify factors that affect their long-term survival. The cardiac arrest event was classified as being secondary to an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 44% (62 of 142), an ischemic event (IE) in 34% (49 of 142) and a primary arrhythmic event (PAE) in 22% (31 of 142). The majority of patients in all groups had a history of angina pectoris. Twenty-seven percent of the AMI, 55% of the IE, and 71% of the PAE patients had a history of infarction. Ten percent of the AMI, 31% of the IE, and 55% of the PAE had used digitalis before their cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest was the first cardiac event in 35% of the AMI, 16% of the IE and 6% of the PAE patients. One year after arrest, 89% of the AMI, 80% of the IE and 71% of the PAE were alive (p less than 0.01). Covariate analysis for more than 40 variables indicates that a high-risk group included 22% (31 of 142) of the cardiac arrest victims had 1- and 2-year survival rates of 71% and 55%, respectively, and was characterized as having used digitalis before arrest, experiencing blood urea nitrogen elevation and pulmonary congestion during the hospitalization for the event, and classification of the cardiac arrest event as a PAE. A low-risk group comprised 78% (111 of 142) of the survivors and had 1- and 2-year survival rates of 85% and 69%, respectively. These data indicate that cardiac arrest due to coronary heart disease is secondary to several mechanisms related to subsequent survival.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association