Changes in left ventricular wall motion after coronary artery bypass surgery: signal or noise?
We evaluated changes in ventricular wall motion after surgery by comparing smoothed, filtered measurements of regional percent shortening (RPS) from right anterior oblique ventriculograms in 37 patients before and after surgery. After surgery there was a significant (p less than 0.05) decrease in the number of regions with hypokinetic wall motion. The distribution of RPS values was also different (p less than 0.005). However, the mean value of RPS for the surgery group as a whole was not significantly altered. These data were contrasted with RPS data from 11 control patients, who were each studied twice but did not have surgical intervention. Similar analysis of the control group did not show any significant change between studies in the number of hypokinetic regions, and the distributions of RPS for the first and second angiograms were not different. We found a 10.3% absolute mean change in repeated measurements of RPS in the control group. We conclude that significant changes occurred after surgery that were not evident in the control group, and the amount of variability in repeated measurements of RPS suggests that analysis should be applied to group rather than individual data.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association