Attenuation of the stress response to cardiopulmonary bypass by the addition of pulsatile flow.
The effect of pulsatile flow during cardiopulmonary bypass on the hormonal stress response was studied in 26 patients. Thirteen had routine and 13 had pulsatile bypass with an average pulse pressure of 30 mm Hg. Plasma vasopressin levels were significantly elevated during bypass in both groups, but were lower with pulsation (66 +/- 11 vs 36.3 pg/ml, p less than 0.05). Epinephrine levels increased in both groups during bypass, but were higher after bypass (1179 +/- 448 vs 713 +/- 140 pg/ml, p less than 0.05) and in the recovery room (1428 +/- 428 vs 699 +/- 155 pg/ml, p less than 0.05) in the nonpulsatile group. The same response was noted in the norepinephrine levels (924 +/- 225 vs 465 +/- 90 pg/ml, p less than 0.05; 1015 +/- 491 vs 717 +/- 112 pg/ml, p less than 0.05). There were no significant changes in renin activity in either group, but the increase after cardiopulmonary bypass was greater in the nonpulsatile group (2.0 +/- 0.7 vs 1.36 +/- 0.4 ng/ml/hr, NS). These data suggest that pulsatile flow significantly attenuates the vasopressin and catecholamine stress response to cardiopulmonary bypass. This may explain the increased flow requirements and better tissue perfusion and organ function and the decreased incidence of postoperative hypertension after bypass using pulsatile flow.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association