Correlation of regional myocardial blood flow and function with myocardial infarct size during acute myocardial ischemia in the conscious pig.
Regional myocardial function and blood flow were determined for 48 hours after permanent occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery in conscious swine. Systolic wall thickening and end-diastolic wall thickness (EDWTh) were correlated with regional myocardial flow (RMBF) at 15 minutes, 24 and 48 hours after occlusion. Both regional function and blood flow were compared with the extent of myocardial necrosis (determined histologically) after 48 hours in functionally distinct zones. Group 1 (control zones) was characterized by increased systolic wall thickening, EDWTh, RMBF and had no necrosis. Group 2 (marginal zones) had depressed systolic wall thickening (35 +/- 3% [mean +/ SEM] of preocclusion level at 48 hours) and RMBF (64 +/- 6% of preocclusion values), transiently decreased EDWTh and 46 +/- 5% necrosis. In Group 3 (ischemic zones), all values were greatly reduced: systolic wall thickening was 3.6 +/- 1.2%, EDWTh 76 +/- 8% and RMBF 25 +/- 9% preocclusion values; necrosis was 90 +/- 5%. Groups 2 and 3 had increased RMBF at 24 and 48 hours from that at 15 minutes after occlusion; however, in neither case was systolic wall thickening greater than that at 15 minutes after occlusion. We conclude that there is close correlation between RMBF, systolic wall thickening and the extent of necrosis present after 48 hours of coronary artery occlusion in the conscious swine; subsequent increases in RMBF to the marginal zone after occlusion are not accompanied by improved regional function.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association