Obesity and cardiac function.
We studied 10 obese volunteers, mean age 36.5 +/- 10.3 years, who weighed 123.56 +/- 28.7 g and were 69.96 +/- 22.5 kg overweight. The subjects did not have diabetes, arterial hypertension or signs of cardiac and respiratory failure or disease and all underwent right- and left-heart catheterization. cardiac output and stroke volume were high, according to increased oxygen consumption and to the degree of obesity. Ventricular end-diastolic and atrial pressures ranged from normal to high and correlated with body weight, signs of volume overloading and reduced left ventricular (LV) compliance. The mean pulmonary artery pressure was elevated and correlated well with weight, pulmonary resistance being normal; mean aortic pressure did not correlate with weight, and systemic arterial resistance tended to have a negative correlation. The LV function curve showed impaired ventricular function, particularly for the heaviest subjects, in whom Vmax and the ratio of the stroke work index to LV end-diastolic pressure were reduced. These indexes correlated well with each other and both correlated negatively with the degree of obesity. In contrast, maximal dP/dt was normal and did not correlate with excess weight. These observations show that depressed LV function is already present in relatively young obese people, even if they are free from signs of cardiopathy and other associate diseases. The degree of impairment of heart function seems to parallel the degree of obesity.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association