Diagnostic quantification of CASS (coronary artery surgery study) clinical and exercise test results in determining presence and extent of coronary artery disease. A multivariate approach.
Multivariate linear discriminant function analysis on maximal exercise treadmill and angiographic data from 500 men with definite angina, 584 men with probable angina and 267 men with nonspecific chest pain identified independent predictors of presence and extent of coronary disease. We used the discriminant function to develop a clinical risk index and a clinical and exercise risk index for each patient subset. Probability curves were generated to predict the presence and extent of coronary disease. In definite angina cases, exercise testing provided more diagnostic information than clinical data alone. However, in the 10% of cases with the smallest risk indexes, half of the patients had coronary disease and one-quarter had multivessel disease. In men with probable angina, exercise testing added substantially more diagnostic information than clinical data. The probability of multivessel disease was reduced to less than 10% for 30% of patients with probable angina, an important diagnostic contribution. Exercise testing in men with nonspecific chest pain was of limited value because disease prevalence was already low.
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