Body surface detection of delayed depolarizations in patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia and left ventricular aneurysm.
In eight patients with chronic ventricular tachycardia and left ventricular aneurysms, we detected delayed ECG wave forms after the QRS complex from the body surface using a high-resolution ECG recorder, amplification and signal averaging. Delayed wave-form activity (D wave) extended a mean of 70 msec beyond the termination of th QRS complex. This delayed activity frequently extended to the limit of the recording window, and may thus continue throughout much of diastole. Antiarrhythmic agents never abolished the delayed activity; however, it was abolished by aneurysmectomy in four patients. Ventricular tachycardia did not recur after surgery in the four patients during a mean follow-up of 1 year. The D wave was not found in eight control patients who had chronic recurrent ventricular tachycardia nor in 11 of 12 who had aneurysms alone. The surface D wave can be readily and reproducibly detected by high-resolution electrocardiography and appears to be specific for patients with left ventricular aneurysms who also have chronic recurrent ventricular tachycardia. This delayed wave-form activity has been noted during catheter and surgical endocardial and epicardial mapping. It may represent persistence of the cardiac impulse in islands of myocardium and may be a manifestation of the delayed and fractionated activity, noted by previous investigators.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association