Hemodynamics alterations induced by isoproterenol and pacing after aortic valve replacement with the Björk-Shiley or St. Jude medical prosthesis.
Stress evaluation was carried out in 26 patients approximately 7 months after aortic valve replacement with Björk-Shiley valves (13 patients) and St. Jude medical valves (13 patients). During isoproterenol infusion (0.3 micrograms/kg/min), cardiac output increased by a factor of 1.5 and aortic valve area decreased by 50% for both valve groups, while transvalvular gradients (rest: 7 +/- 2 vs 10 +/- 5 mm Hg, p greater than 0.05) increased by 42 +/- 18 vs 51 +/- 18 mm Hg (p greater than 0.05), i.e., to levels of moderate aortic stenosis. However, during pacing stress these values progressively decreased with rising heart rates. In other postoperative evaluations that included ergometric stress with isoproterenol and pacing, induced hemodynamic changes after aortic valve replacement were predictable and consistent with regard to both direction and magnitude, and they differed characteristically according to the type of stress used. We conclude that no functional differences between Björk-Shiley and St. Jude medical valves can be claimed. Standardized evaluation with isoproterenol is a sensitive stress test of prosthetic valvular hemodynamics. Because of the apparent magnification of residual obstruction after aortic valve replacement, it has advantages over pacing.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association