Imaging the inflammatory response to acute myocardial infarction in man using indium-111-labeled autologous platelets.
The feasibility of imaging the inflammatory response to acute transmural myocardial infarction in man using biologically active indium-111 (111In)-labeled autologous leukocytes was assessed in 36 patients. Indium-111 leukocytes (approximately 500 microCi) were injected i.v. 18-112 hours after the onset of chest pain. Cardiac imaging was performed 24 hours later with a mobile gamma camera. Twenty-one patients had positive images and 15 had negative images. The percent of positive images increased as the interval between infarction and 111In-leukocyte injection shortened; all patients injected within 24 hours of infarction had positive images. Patients with positive images were injected with 111In leukocytes earlier after infarction (mean +/- SEM, 43 +/- 4 vs 63 +/- 7 hours; p less than 0.05) and were younger (53 +/- 2 vs 65 +/- 3 years; p less than 0.05) than those with negative images. Several other parameters that could possibly have affected the imaging results were examined and were not significantly different in patients with positive and negative images. These included peak serum creatine kinase, location of infarction, incidence of pericarditis, use of antiinflammatory drugs (aspirin and indomethacin) or membrane-active antiarrhythmic drugs (lidocaine and procainamide), peripheral leukocyte count and cell labeling efficiency. The function of the labeled cell was similar in patients with positive and negative images. Six patients with acute infarction serving as controls and given free 111In oxine and six patients with stable coronary artery disease given 111In leukocytes all had negative cardiac images.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association