Initiation of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias in a canine model of chronic myocardial infarction: importance of the site of stimulation.
The importance of the site of stimulation to the initiation of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias was determined in 24 adult mongrel dogs. Studies were performed 3-30 days after two-stage occlusion of the mid- or distal left anterior descending coronary artery, modified by a reperfusion stage. Unipolar cathodal stimuli of twice-threshold intensity and 2 msec duration were introduced at five to 24 sites in each dog in the distribution of occluded and nonoccluded vessels. Strength-interval curves were constructed from 232 measurements at these sites and local properties of excitability and refractoriness were correlated with the ability to initiate arrhythmias. All dogs had sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias inducible from at least one site. Intramyocardial sites with normal excitability and refractoriness within 2 cm of an area of infarction were most often successful (27 of 44, 61%) in the initiation of sustained arrhythmias. Less successful sites included normal left ventricular plunge electrode sites less than 2 cm from an area of infarction (eight of 32, 25%) (p = 0.002), left ventricular plunge electrode sites within an area of infarction (20 of 103, 19%) (p less than 0.001), normal right ventricular sites (five of 24, 21%) (p less than 0.001), and endocardial catheter sites (six of 29, 21%), (p less than 0.001). These findings suggest that local properties of excitability and refractoriness at the site of stimulation, as well as anatomic and geometric factors, may be critical in the initiation of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias using the technique of programmed electrical stimulation.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association