Repetitive responses to single ventricular extrastimuli in patients with serious ventricular arrhythmias: incidence and clinical significance.
Electrophysiologic studies were carried out in 85 patients with serious ventricular arrhythmias: 44 with recurrent sustained ventricular tachycardia (group A), 16 with recurrent nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (group B), and 25 with recent prehospital ventricular fibrillation not associated with acute myocardial infarction (group C). Programmed ventricular stimulation from the right ventricular apex included premature stimulation during normal sinus rhythm, atrial pacing, and ventricular pacing, as well as brief bursts of rapid ventricular pacing (RVP). A repetitive ventricular response (RVR) was defined as one or more non-stimulated premature ventricular depolarizations in response to a single paced premature ventricular depolarization during normal sinus rhythm or atrial pacing. RVRs were observed in seven of 44 (16%) group A patients, one of 16 (6%) group B patients, and three of 25 (12%) group C patients. In contrast, single and double premature ventricular stimuli during ventricular pacing and/or bursts of RVP resulted in the reproducible initiation of ventricular tachycardia in 40 of 44 (91%) group A patients, 10 of 16 (63%) group B patients, and 19 of 25 (76%) group C patients. We conclude that RVRs to single ventricular extrastimuli during normal sinus rhythm or atrial pacing are rare, and therefore are an insensitive index of susceptibility to serious ventricular arrhythmias in these patients.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association