Quantitative detection of regional left ventricular contraction abnormalities by two-dimensional echocardiography. II. Accuracy in coronary artery disease.
The quantitative approaches to the assessment of regional left ventricular (LV) function described in the preceding paper were applied in a well-defined population of patients with coronary artery disease. Two groups were chosen by electrocardiographic and angiographic criteria: group 1 had infarction and regional wall motion abnormalities and group 2 had no infarction and normal wall motion. Sensitivity to detect wall motion defects, specificity to correctly categorize normal segments, and overall predictive accuracy were evaluated for each two-dimensional echocardiographic approach. In addition, the ability of each method to localize regional contraction defects properly was evaluated. Area methods yielded better predictive accuracy than linear methods (87-95% vs 76-84%). No significant differences in accuracy were noted between quadrant and octant approaches. The fixed external-axis system was superior to a floating one for localizing contraction defects. We conclude that an area-based method, using a fixed-axis system and either octant or quadrant image subdivision, provides the best combination of predictive accuracy in categorizing LV segments as normal or abnormal and the greatest ability to localize LV regional abnormalities.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association