Natural history of contractile abnormalities after acute myocardial infarction in man: severity and response to nitroglycerin as a function of time.
The natural history of contraction abnormalities and their response after acute myocardial infarction in man were studied using radionuclide angiography. Sixteen patients were studied before and after sublingual nitroglycerin within 24 hours, 5-7 days and 4-6 weeks after the onset of chest pain. Within 24 hours, central chord shortening in the zone of infarction was reduced to 13.1 +/- 9.8%, but improved 27.2 +/- 18.4% (p less than 0.001) after nitroglycerin. After 5-7 days, central chord shortening improved similarly, but less markedly, from 12.9 +/- 9.2% to 24.4 +/- 13.2% (p less than 0.001). After nitroglycerin 4--6 weeks after the acute myocardial infarction, the central chord showed no response to nitroglycerin; it was 13.9 +/- 10.9% before and 13.4 +/- 2.5% after nitroglycerin. Changes in the lateral chords paralleled changes in the central chords in the three studies. Nonischemic zone improvement after nitroglycerin in all three studies. Global ejection fraction improved and end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes decreased in all three studies after nitroglycerin. These data indicate that after acute myocardial infarction, there is a significant reduction in hemiaxis shortening in the central and lateral chords that remains essentially unchanged over 4-6 weeks. However, the asynergic ischemic area improves considerably after nitroglycerin within 24 hours and 5-7 days, but fails to improve after 6 weeks.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association