Diet and its relation to coronary heart disease and death in three populations.
Baseline 24-hour dietary recalls from 16,349 men ages 45-64 years who had no evidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) were obtained in three prospective studies: the Framingham Study (859 men), the Honolulu Heart Study (7272 men) and the Puerto Rico Heart Health Program (8218 men). These men were followed for up to 6 years for the first appearance of CHD or death. Men who had a greater caloric intake or a greater caloric intake per kilogram of body weight were less likely to develop CHD manifest as myocardial infarction (MI) or CHD death, even though men of greater weight were more likely to develop CHD. This may reflect the benefit of greater physical activity. Men who consumed more alcohol were less likely to develop CHD, but more likely to die of causes other than CHD, particularly in the Honolulu study. In the Honolulu and Puerto Rico studies, but not in the Framingham study, men who consumed more starch were less likely to develop MI or CHD death. There was an inverse relation between starch intake and serum cholesterol, but it was too weak to explain fully the inverse starch-CHD association. There was also no evidence that the inverse relation between starch intake and incidence of CHD in the Honolulu and Puerto Rico studies was an indirect result of differences in fat intake. While the findings suggest additional areas for research, none of them would lead to an alteration of currently recommended preventive diets that emphasize lowering fat intake, because in isocaloric diets the logical way to balance a decreased fat intake is to increase the consumption of foods containing starch.
- Copyright © 1981 by American Heart Association