Effects of isoproterenol on abnormal intraventricular conduction.
An isoproterenol infusion (1.0-4.0 microgram/min) was administered to 15 patients with intermittent bundle branch block (BBB) and two patients with apparently fixed BBB. Three main effects were documented: (1) In all patients with phase 3, or tachycardia-dependent, BBB, isoproterenol caused a pronounced shortening of refractoriness in the affected fascicle. (2) In patients showing phase 4, or bradycardia-dependent, BBB, isoproterenol prolonged the phase 4 block range, probably because of enhanced diastolic depolarization. In one patient (four studies) in whom phase 4 block was not present, isoproterenol caused the appearance of a phase 4 block range. (3) In the two patients with fixed BBB, isoproterenol restored conduction, probably as a result of a hyperpolarizing effect. This study shows that isoproterenol tends to restore or improve conduction related to tachycardia-dependent block, but may impair conduction related to bradycardia-dependent block.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association