Serial electrophysiologic testing of multiple drugs in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant paroxysmal tachycardia.
Serial electrophysiologic testing of multiple drugs was performed in 21 patients with recurrent atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). All patients had reproducible sustained PSVT induced before drug administration. Serial daily PSVT induction was attempted after administration of i.v. ouabain (0.01 mg/kg) (16 patients), i.v. propranolol (0.1 mg/kg (17 patients), i.v. ouabain + propranolol (same dosages) (12 patients), i.v. procainamide (600-1000 mg) (17 patients) and oral quinidine (1600-2400 mg/day) (nine patients). In two of 21 patients (10%), no tested drug prevented induction of sustained PSVT. In 19 of 21 patients (90%), one or more drugs prevented induction of sustained PSVT: ouabain--seven patients, propranolol--seven patients, ouabain + propranolol--seven patients, procainamide--11 patients, quinidine--seven patients. The site of action of ouabain and/or propranolol was either the antegrade limb or the retrograde limb (RL) of the circus movement. The site of action of procainamide or quinidine was always the RL. These 19 patients were treated with oral drugs, based on results of serial testing. Eighteen patients were successfully followed for 6-50 months. In 13 of these 18 patients PSVT did not recur. Two patients (11%) had > 95% reduction in frequency of PSVT recurrences, and three (17%) did not respond to chosen oral drugs. Serial electrophysiologic testing of multiple drugs is feasible in patients with AV nodal reentrant paroxysmal tachycardia. Drug responses are variable. In most but not all patients, serial electrophysiologic testing defines effective prophylactic drug therapy. This method of defining prophylactic drug therapy appears most suitable for patients with poorly tolerated tachycardias that occur only sporadically.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association