The relationship of vascular injury and myocardial hemorrhage to necrosis after reperfusion.
Early reperfusion may salvage ischemic myocardium; late reperfusion often intensifies morphologic changes of necrosis and causes hemorrhage. To determine whether hemorrhage after reperfusion increases the extent of myocardial infarction, six closed-chest, anesthetized dogs underwent balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 5.5 hours, followed by 30 minutes of reflow. Colloidal carbon was injected distal to the balloon before reperfusion to label injured vessels. After sacrifice, the area of myocardial necrosis was measured by planimetry of 1-cm-thick serial slices of left ventricle stained with triphenyl tetrazolium chloride. Areas of hemorrhage and vascular injury were also measured. In all hearts, the extent of hemorrhage and vascular injury was less than the extent of necrosis (10.2 +/- 4.6% vs 19.8 +/- 8.6% [mean +/- SD], p < 0.01). Further, hemorrhage was always within the area of necrosis, primarily in the subendocardial portion. Hemorrhage after reperfusion occurred only in necrotic tissue where carbon labeling indicated severe vascular injury before reperfusion, suggesting that the hemorrhage was the consequence of preexisting microvascular injury, not its cause.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association