Effects of methylprednisolone on P50, 2,3 diphosphoglycerate and arteriovenous oxygen difference in acute myocardial infarction.
In a double-blind randomized study, 30 mg/kg of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPN) or 15 mg/kg of mannitol placebo (PL) were infused in 28 patients after acute myocardial infarction. Measurements were obtained immediately before and after for 24 hours after the initial infusion. The partial pressure of oxygen at 50% saturation of hemoglobin (P50) did not change significantly in vitro or in vivo after MPN, whereas 2,3 diphosphoglycerate (2,3 DPG) increased from 13.2 to 14.2 mumol/g Hb (p < 0.05) in the group receiving PL. The arteriovenous oxygen difference (Ca-VO2) remained constant after MPN or PL. The cardiac index (CI) increased after MPN (p < 0.02) associated with an increase in the oxygen consumption index (CI X A-V O2) from 146 to 170 ml/min/m2 (p < 0.05). These data show that MPN increases CI after acute myocardial infarction, but has no specific effects on P50, 2,3 DPG or Ca-VO2.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association