Impaired early left ventricular relaxation in coronary artery disease: effects of intracornary nifedipine.
It has been shown that the maximal rate of left ventricular (LV) relaxation is impaired in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) under basal conditions. To test the hypothesis that this impaired LV relaxation could be related to viable but metabolically abnormal myocardium, we studied the time course of isovolumic LV pressure fall in 21 patients with CAD and in 13 control subjects under basal conditions. This study was repeated after intracoronary injection of the calcium antagonist nifedipine (N) in 11 patients with CAD and in eight controls. Our data showed that isovolumic pressure fall was biexponential in 20 of 21 CAD patients and in six of 13 controls. Moreover, the time constant of isovolumic pressure fall during the first 40 msec after peak (negative) dP/dt (T1) was significantly greater in CAD patients than in controls (62 +/- 3 vs 44 +/- 1 msec, p < 0.002); the time constant of pressure fall during the 40-80 msec after peak (negative) dP/dt (T2) was similar in both groups ( 42 +/- 2 vs 39 +/- 2 msec, NS). Thirty seconds after injection of nifedipine, T1 and T2, were significantly prolonged in patients with CAD (14 msec and 16 msec, respectively, p < 0.005) and in controls 12 msec and 14 msec, respectively, p < 0.05), and a negative inotropic effect was observed in both groups (peak (positive) dP/dt - 16% in controls and -23% in CAD patients, p < 0.01). At rest, impairment of isovolumic relaxation in CAD patients is mainly limited to the first 40 msec after peak (negative) dP/dt, suggesting a dyssynchronous wall motion. This impairment of LV relaxation is better identified by T1 than by peak (negative) dP/dt in individual patients, and cannot be improved by administration of a calcium antagonist.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association