Cardiorespiratory responses of cardiac transplant patients to graded, symptom-limited exercise.
The electrocardiographic and ventilatory responses of 15 denervated heart patients who had undergone cardiac transplantation and 14 age-matched, normally innervated men were compared to assess the pattern of response to graded treadmill exercise. A 5-minute postexercise venous lactate sample was also obtained. Respiratory exchange ratio and ventilation (Ve) were higher in denervated patients than in normals during submaximal exercise. Peak values (normals vs denervated) for heart rate (172 vs 159 beats/min), blood pressure (189 vs 167 mm Hg), oxygen uptake (37 vs 25 ml/kg/min), oxygen pulse (0.22 vs 0.16 ml/kg/beat) and work time (26.2 vs 18.0 minutes) were higher in normals than in cardiac transplant recipients. Peak ventilatory equivalent (2.14 vs 3.13 l/ml/kg) and lactate values were higher for transplants than for normal subjects, but there were no significant intergroup differences in peak Ve or in the respiratory exchange ratio. In cardiac transplant recipients, work time correlated inversely with a measure of rejection history (r = -0.59, p less than 0.01). The response of cardiac transplant recipients to treadmill work differs from that of normal men and reflects a diminished ability to meet the oxygen demands of the exercising periphery.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association