Responses of normal children and young adults to controlled bicycle exercise.
Exercise responses were obtained from 149 children and young adults (average age 14.5 years) and divided by sex and body surface area (BSA): children with BSA less than 1 m2; children with BSA 1--1.19 m2; males with BSA greater than or equal to 1.2 m2; and females with BSA greater than or equal to 1.2 m2. Total work, mean and maximal power outputs were more affected by body size (height) than age in children with BSA less than 1 m2 and in males and females with BSA greater than or equal to 1.2 m2. Mean systolic pressure increased up to 64% above the preexercise supine value at peak effort, with the level of mean maximal systolic pressure having a positive relationship with body size (height), power output and preexercise sitting systolic pressure in all subgroups except children with BSA 1--1.19 m2. Mean diastolic pressure increased up to 24% above the preexercise supine value at peak effort. ST-segment depression of 1--2 mm was recorded in 12.1% (18 of 149) of the population at peak exercise. These changes occurred in 8.9% of all males and in 16.9% of all females (p greater than 0.1). The data from this study reveal the importance of sex and body size in the clinical interpretation of exercise responses in growing subjects, provide a reference for objective evaluation of subjects with or without cardiac abnormalities and provide a guide for careful monitoring of subjects during an exercise study.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association