Influence of left ventricular dimensions on endocardial and epicardial QRS amplitude and ST-segment elevations during acute myocardial ischemia.
The influence of acute myocardial ischemia and changes in ventricular dimensions on endocardial and epicardial electrograms were evaluated in 17 anesthetized open-chest dogs before and after left ventricular volume expansion and before and after coronary artery ligation. In eight dogs, regional myocardial blood flow was determined by the labeled microsphere technique. Endocardial QRS (endo-QRS) amplitude in ischemic and nonischemic zones, and epicardial QRS (epi-QRS) in nonischemic zones maintained a negative linear relation with left ventricular end-diastolic dimension before and after coronary artery ligation, although acute ischemia decreased endo-QRS independently. Epi-QRS amplitude in the ischemic zone decreased after coronary artery ligation but changed inconsistently during volume expansion. Ischemia-induced epicardial ST-segment elevation decreased during volume expansion and was associated with improved epicardial blood flow. Changes in epi-QRS in ischemic zones, however, were not related to epicardial blood flow during volume expansion. These findings indicate the potential problems of using changes in QRS amplitude for determining the extent of myocardial ischemic injury.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association