Clinical significance of upsloping ST segments in exercise electrocardiography.
Conventional exercise electrocardiographic criteria usually involve patterns with a horizontal or downsloping ST segment. In the present study we present criteria based on upsloping ST segments and compared these criteria with the conventional criteria. Using upsloping ST-segment criteria, the amount of ST-segment depression at 80 msec after the end of the QRS complex is used as a parameter (ST criterion E, with a depression of 100 mV, and ST criterion F, with a depression of 200 mV). In the graded exercise test a bicycle ergometer was used. The ECG leads were CM5 and CC5. The results of exercise electrocardiography were compared with the findings from coronary arteriography. In 623 selected patients (565 males and 58 females), application of conventional ST criteria gave a sensitivity of 56% and a specificity of 94%; with application of the ST criteria E or F, sensitivity was 75% and specificity 90%. In the 58 females use of these new criteria resulted in a sensitivity of 76% and specificity of 88%. Ninety-three patients (15%) could be classified as positive exercise responders by the sole presence of an upsloping ST segment (type E or F). Sixty-eight percent of the patients with type E and 75% with type F had two- or three-vessel disease (coronary obstructions greater their or equal to 50%). We conclude that ST criteria based on upsloping ST segments significantly increase the diagnostic yield of the exercise ECG.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association