Diagnosis and management of postoperative pulmonary hypertensive crisis.
In this paper we discuss two infants and one child who experienced a previously unreported complication after complete correction of a large, unrestrictive ventricular septal defect. Two patients had documented pulmonary hypertensive crises and severe right-heart failure secondary to hypoxia and pulmonary vasoconstriction. These crises were associated with significantly increased right ventricular (RV) peak systolic and end-diastolic pressures and right-to-left shunting via a foramen ovale which, in turn, exaggerated the hypoxis. The crises were treated successfully with tolazoline in the second and third patients. RV pressure returned to normal values and have remained normal up to 12 months postoperatively in the second patient. Although the RV pressures decreased with tolazoline in the third patient, they never reached normal values. Postoperative monitoring of pulmonary artery and RV pressures in infants with large ventricular septal defects is essential when unexplained complications are encountered. Tolazoline proved to be very effective in the treatment of two patients with pulmonary vasoconstriction secondary to hypoxia.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association