Mechanical function of the heart and its alteration during myocardial ischemia and infarction. Specific reference to coronary atherosclerosis.
Altered regional mechanical myocardial performance is an early, sensitive marker of myocardial ischemia, and can be estimated in man with reasonable accuracy. Identification, localization and quantification of abnormalities in mechanical performance can be used to predict the presence of coronary artery disease. Testing techniques that have little or no effect on diagnostic efficiency must be replaced with more sensitive indicators of ischemia. If experimental data are validated by findings in human subjects, accurate identification of regional wall motion changes during test conditions should prove to be a powerful marker of ischemia. To be of value, a diagnostic test must strongly increase the frequency of identification of subjects with a high probabilty for the presence of coronary artery disease in an otherwise low-prevalence population, and of those with known disease who are at the highest risk for complications including myocardial infarction or death.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association