The natural history of conduction system disease in myotonic muscular dystrophy as determined by serial electrophysiologic studies.
To evaluate the progression of conduction system disease in myotonic muscular dystrophy, nine patients underwent serial electrophysiologic studies at a mean of 35 months apart. At the initial study, seven patients had first-degree atrioventricular block and three of these seven had disease in the His-Purkinje system (HV greater than 55 msec). At the second study, seven patients had prolonged HV intervals, and during the almost 3-year period, HV intervals increased by at least 5 msec in all seven patients. No electrophysiologic or electrocardiographic measures could be found that correlated with progression of conduction disease in these patients. Because of the failure of electrophysiologic measures to predict progression of conduction disease in these patients, electrophysiologic studies are recommended only for symptomatic patients. If significant disease is found in either impulse formation or conduction, permanent pacemaker therapy is warranted.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association