Computer diagnosis of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. A new esophageal technique.
Computerized arrhythmia monitors recognize only a few of the significant arrhythmias and generally fail to detect arrhythmias of supraventricular origin. This is because conventional surface leads, which are sufficient for QRS recognition, are highly inadequate for automated P-wave detection. A new two-lead system, which includes a swallowable capsule-electrode for esophageal monitoring of atrial activity, is used in an on-line arrhythmia monitor. Three interval measurements (AA, AR and RR) and a QRS shape measurement provide the foundation for a detailed interpretation of each beat. Building on the single-beat analysis, a contextual diagnostic algorithm then recognizes and reports on-line the following arrhythmias: couplets, bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia with retrograde conduction to the atria, first-degree block, second-degree block, Wenckebach periodicity, advanced block, third-degree block and sinus bradycardia.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association