Noninvasive assessment of atrioventricular pressure half-time by Doppler ultrasound.
The mean pressure drop across the mitral valve and atrioventricular pressure half-time were measured noninvasively by Doppler ultrasound in 40 normal subjects, in 17 patients with mitral regurgitation, 32 patients with mitral stenosis and 12 with combined stenosis and regurgitation. In normal subjects pressure half-times were 20--60 msec, in patients with isolated mitral regurgitation 35--80 msec and in patients with mitral stenosis 90--383 msec. There was no significant change in pressure half-time with exercise or on repeat examinations, indicating relative independence of mitral flow. In 25 patients with mitral stenosis and seven with combined stenosis and regurgitation, pressure half-time was related to mitral valve area calculated from catheterization data. Increasing pressure half-times occurred with decreasing mitral valve area, and this relationship was not influenced by additional mitral regurgitation. Noninvasive measurement of pressure half-time together with mean pressure drop was useful for evaluating patients with mitral valve disease.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association