Assessment of left ventricular function in secundum atrial septal defect by computer analysis of the M-mode echocardiogram.
Left ventricular function in 53 patients with secundum atrial septal defect was assessed by computer-assisted analysis of the left ventricular echocardiogram and by cardiac catheterization. The patients were divided into two groups, those younger and those older than 60 years, to investigate the effect of aging on left ventricular function. Cavity size was significantly smaller than normal (p less than 0.01) and septal motion was abnormal in 86%, but values for cardiac index, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, velocity of circumferential fiber shortening, left ventricular filling rate, and duration of rapid filling were normal in both groups. Regional dynamics assessed in terms of peak rates of systolic thickening and diastolic thinning of the septum and posterior wall were also normal in both groups. We concluded that, although left ventricular minor dimensions are small, and septal motion is reversed in the majority of patients with atrial septal defect, left ventricular function is normal, and it does not appear to deteriorate with increased age, pulmonary hypertension, or the presence of right ventricular failure. The abnormal septal motion appears to be compensated for by enhanced septal and posterior wall percentage thickening.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association