A consecutive series of 17 patients surgically treated for asymptomatic coronary artery disease was surveyed for survival, clinical status, and graft patency after a mean follow-up of 75 months. Documented myocardial infarction (MI), 14 transmural and 3 subendocardial, was the major indication for catheterization. All patients were asymptomatic for at least 4 months prior to surgery. Six patients had greater than 70% obstruction in one vessel, seven in two vessels, and four in three vessels. The indication for revascularization was critical stenoses in vessels supplying large areas of viable myocardium. All patients received left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafts to the left anterior descending coronary artery; seven patients also received saphenous vein grafts (SVG) to other vessels. There was no operative or late mortality. In 12 patients, postoperative angiography (mean interval, 12 1/2 months) showed 11/12 LIMA and all SVG patent. One incompletely revascularized patient with an occluded LIMA is symptomatic. All others are fully active without symptoms or interval MI after a minimum follow-up of 5 1/2 years. The safety and long-term results of myocardial revascularization warrant its consideration for selected asymptomatic postinfarction patients.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association