Comparison of cardiovascular responses to static-dynamic effort and dynamic effort alone in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease.
Thirty men, mean age 55 years, known to have treadmill-induced ischemic ST-segment depression, performed static and dynamic effort, i.e., forearm lifting and treadmill exercise, separately and combined. Static effort was sustained at 20%, 25% or 30% of maximal forearm lifting capacity. Two symptom-limited treadmill tests, one with and one without added static effort, were performed on each of two visits. Compared with dynamic effort alone, combined static-dynamic effort decreased treadmill work load and increased heart rate, systolic blood pressure and rate-pressure product at the onset of ischemic ST-segment depression or angina pectoris: 7.1 +/- 0.4 vs 8.0 +/- 0.5 (SEM) multiples of resting oxygen consumption (mets), estimated; 141 +/- 3 vs 134 +/- 3 beats/min; 170 +/- 4 vs. 162 +/- 4 mm Hg and 239 +/- 8 vs 218 +/- 9 (p less than 0.001). The prevalence of angina pectoris was significantly less with combined static-dynamic effort than with dynamic effort alone. Static effort causes a resetting of the threshold at which ischemic abnormalities appear during dynamic effort.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association