Prevalence of arrhythmias during 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring and exercise testing in patients with obstructive and nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Many patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy die suddenly and unexpectedly, a significant number perhaps due to arrhythmia. Of 100 patients initially evaluated for signs or symptoms suggestive of heart disease or a family history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 51 were selected solely because they met the echocardiographic criteria for the disease, and 49 patients were selected primarily because they had: 1) normal sinus rhythm despite left atrial enlargement, 2) a history of syncope, 3) a family history of premature death, or 4) a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. All 100 patients were studied by 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring and 74 of them also underwent treadmill exercise testing. More than 50% of patients in repetitive ventricular premature depolarizations, including 19% who had ventricular tachycardia. Monitoring was superior to exercise testing for exposing these arrhythmias. Two patients experienced cardiac arrest within 2 months of monitoring; in each, monitoring had revealed ventricular tachycardia. Two patients with paroxysms of supraventricular tachycardia during monitoring developed fixed atrial fibrillation within 1 year. These preliminary observations suggest that monitoring may help identify patients at increased risk for significant arrhythmic events.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association