Dopamine beta-hydroxylase and plasma renin activity in patients with low-, normal-, and high-renin essential hypertension.
The relationship of serum dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), plasma renin activity (PRA) and urinary catecholamines (IU catechols) in various forms of essential hypertension (EHT) (low, normal and high renin) was evaluated. Eighty-four predominantly white, young (37 +/ 8 years (SD)), mildly hypertensive patients (diastolic pressure 93 +/- 4 mm Hg (SD)) continued their regular diet and received no medications. Thirteen patients had low-renin, 64 had normal-renin, and seven had high-renin EHT. DBH, total IU catechols and urinary norepinephrine were not different between these renin subgroups. DBH was significantly lower in all hypertensives (55.6 +/- 36 IU) and in the low-renin subgroup (46 +/- 30 IU) compared with normal subjects (68 +/- 35 IU) (p less than 0.01). However, the DBH range was so broad that an individual DBH value did not distinguish EHT from normals. After a baseline period, patients were randomly assigned to receive chlorthali done 50 mg q.a.m. or placebo in a double-blind study. In the chlorthalidone group 1 month after therapy, the diastolic pressure decreased, PRA increased, and total IU catechols and urinary norepinephrine increased. Serum DBH did not change during diuretic therapy. A significant correlation could not be shown between pretreatment DBH and the changes in PRA and IU catechols before and after diuretics for all treated EHT patients. However, within the normal PRA EHT subgroup receiving chlorthalidone, the one-third of patients with lowest pretreatment DBH levels (n = 10) were compared with the one-third of patients with the highest pretreatment DBH values (n = 10). The lower DBH patients showed significantly less change in PRA (delta PRA = 2.9 +/- 1.8 ng/ml/hr) compared with the higher DBH patients (delta PRA = 8.2 +/- 1.6; P less than 0.05). In some EHT patients, DBH levels may be related to PRA response to diuretic therapy.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association