Similarities of ergonovine-induced and spontaneous attacks of variant angina.
Ergonovine has been shown to provoke attacks of variant angina, but a question remains whether spontaneous and ergonovine-induced attacks of variant angina are similar. Seven patients with variant angina undergoing cardiac catheterization were studied during transient episodes of spontaneous and ergonovine-induced rest angina with ST-segment elevation. Clinical, electrocardiographic, left ventricular hemodynamic and coronary angiographic observations were made before and repeated after ergonovine (0.05-0.2 mg I.V.). The character and duration of chest pain were similar during both spontaneous and ergonovine-induced episodes. ST-segment elevation (greater than 1 mm) was present inferiorly in three patients, anteriorly in three patients, and both inferiorly and anteriorly in one patient during both episodes. Mean heart rate and systolic arterial pressure changed little, while left ventricular end-diastolic pressure increased significantly during spontaneous or ergonovine-induced attacks. We observed subtotal or total dynamic obstruction in the left anterior descending (three patients), right coronary arteries (three patients) and both arteries in one patient during both attacks. Thus, in selected patients ergonovine-induced attacks of variant angina were remarkably similar to spontaneous episodes.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Heart Association