ST segment changes post-infarction: predictive value for multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular aneurysm.
To ascertain whether exercise testing might predict multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular aneurysm after a myocardial infarction, 154 patients with a single documented myocardial infarction who had both exercise testing and coronary angiography were grouped according to whether they had greater than or equal to 1 mm ST depression, greater than or equal to 1 mm ST elevation, or neither during exercise testing: 83 patients developed ST depression alone (group 1); 22 patients had ST elevation with concomitant ST depression in other leads (group 2); 19 patients had ST elevation alone (group 3); and 30 patients had no ST changes (group 4). Multivessel disease, defined as greater than or equal to 70% luminal narrowing in two or more coronary vessels, was present in 76% (63 of 83) of group 1, 91% (20 of 22) of group 2, 21% (four of 19) of group 3, and 13% (four of 30) of group 4. A left ventricular aneurysm was present in 31% (26 of 83) of group 1, 68% (15 of 22) of group 2, 79% (15 of 19) of group 3, and 40% (12 to 30) of group 1. We conclude that ST changes during exercise testing in patients after a myocardial infarction can reliably predict the extent of coronary disease and the presence of a left ventricular aneurysm; ST depression with or without ST elevation predicts multivessel disease; ST elevation alone or a negative exercise test suggests single vessel involvement; and ST elevation with or without ST depression predicts left ventricular aneurysm.
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