Correlation of angiographic and autopsy left ventricular dimensions in children.
To evaluate controlled pressure coronary artery perfusion fixation of hearts as a means of obtaining meaningful cardiac measurements at autopsy, left ventricular (LV) autopsy measurements were correlated with in vivo end-diastolic (D) and end-systolic (S) angiographic (angio) values from biplane cineangiograms in the same patients. Mitral (MV) and aortic valve (AV) circumferences, LV equatorial circumference (Circ), spatial inflow and outflow lengths, wall thickness (W) and LV volume (Vol) were measured in 34 children with congenital heart disease. All dimensions showed significant correlation of angiographic and autopsy data from which linear regression equations were derived. The r values obtained were: MV 0.74; AV 0.85; D Circ 0.83; S Circ 0.82; D inflow 0.92; S inflow 0.90; D and S outflow 0.96; W 0.78; D Vol 0.92; S Vol 0.86. Mean angio and autopsy values were not significantly different for AV, S inflow, and S Vol. Autopsy values were lower than all D angio values and MV (P less than 0.001 for all), and higher than angio W and S outflow (P less than 0.001 for both). The data show that changes of LV morphology with this fixation method are predictable, making estimation of in vivo values from autopsy measurements possible using the derived linear regression equations.
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