Electrocardiographic findings in patients with obstructive and nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
One hundred and thiry-four patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were evaluated by standard 12-lead electrocardiography. Normal electrocardiograms were extremely uncommon, occurring in less than 7% of each subgroup of patients (i.e., those with or without either symptoms or obstruction to left ventricular outflow), with the exception of those who were both asymptomatic and had no left ventricular outflow obstruction. Even in this subgroup, however, normal electrocardiograms occurred in only 27% of patients. Repolarization abnormalities and left ventricular hypertrophy were the most common abnormalities, occurring in 81% and 62%, respectively, of the total population. A broad spectrum of other electrocardiographic abnormalities was found, but none was unique to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Patients with vs those without electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy or left atrial abnormality had significantly (P less than 0.005) greater mean ventricular septal thickness (22 +/- 0.6 vs 19 +/- 0.6 mm) and left atrial dimension (48 +/- 1 vs 40 +/- 1 mm) measured by echocardiography, and signficantly (P less than 0.01) higher mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (16 +/- 1 vs 10 +/- 1 mm Hg) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (20 +/- 1 vs 15 +/- 1 mm Hg). The high prevalence and diverse nature of electrocardiographic abnormalities suggest that any patient with an unusual and unexplained electrocardiogram should be suspected of having hypertrophic cardiomyopathy even if the physical examination is normal, as is often the case in patients without obstruction.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association