Reentry within the His-Purkinje system. Elucidation of reentrant circuit using right bundle branch and His bundle recordings.
Routes of impulse propagation during reentry in the His-Purkinje system (Re-HPS) in 13 patients were studied using the right ventricular extra stimulus (V2) method and right bundle branch (RBB) recordings in addition to the conventional His (H) bundle recordings. The H-V and RB-V intervals during sinus rhythm averaged 44.2 and 27.6 msec respectively, with the average antegrade H-RB interval 16.6 msec. All 13 patients demonstrated Re-HPS in the form of V3 showing a left bundle branch block (LBBB) pattern, and two of the 13 patients also manifested V3 with a right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern. During Re-HPS showing a LBBB pattern, the retrograde activation of the His bundle (H2) in response to V2 occurred via the left bundle branch (LBB), as indicated by inscription of retrograde H2 prior to RB2 in nine of 13 cases (average H2-RB2 = 9.4 msec), and simultaneous incription of retrograde H2 and RB2 in the remaining four. When V3 showed a RBBB pattern the retrograde RB2 preceded H2, suggesting H2 activation via the RBB. These findings suggest that circuit of Re-HPS incorporates both bundle branches and the bundle of His. The H-RB recordings were also useful in distinguishing sustained Re-HPS from atrioventricular nodal reentry when in both instances the QRS complex showed a LBBB pattern.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association