Pressure-flow characteristics of the coronary collateral circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass. Effects of ventricualr fibrillation.
Even though ventricular fibrillation is used frequently during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the effects of fibrillation on myocardial regions supplied by collateral vessels have not been determined. To study these effects, nine dogs with left ventricles (ameroid model) consisting of a region of myocardium supplied by collateral vessels (CR) and a region supplied by normal coronary arteries (NR) were subjected to normothermic CPB at two perfusion pressures. In both the empty beating heart (EBH) and empty fibrillating heart (EFH) regional myocardial flow was determined by tracer microspheres. Retrograde coronary pressure was measured via cannulation of the circumflex artery distal to the ameroid induced occlusion. When perfusion pressure was maintained at 80 mm Hg, retrograde coronary pressure was similar in the EBH (46 +/- 4 mm Hg) and in the EFH (48 +/- 3 mm Hg). During fibrillation subendocardial flow in the CR was unchanged, while flow in the NR increased (P less than 0.02). In addition, the endo/epi was greater in the NR than in the CR (P less than 0.01), a difference which did not exist in the EBH. The flow response to fibrillation in the CR could be produced in the NR by reducing the perfusion pressure to 50 mm Hg. These data suggest that during CPB, fibrillation exaggerates existing subendocardial perfusion deficits in collateral regions and the impaired flow response appears to be related to a low regional intravascular pressure.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association